How Do Campuses Address Sexual and Relationship Violence?
Federal legislation such as Title IX, Jeanne Clery Act, and the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) have provided guidance to and requirements for campuses to address sexual and relationship violence on college campuses.
Title IX protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance.
The Clery Act requires colleges and universities that receive federal funding to disseminate a public annual security report (ASR) to employees and students every October 1st. This ASR must include statistics of campus crime for the preceding 3 calendar years, plus details about efforts taken to improve campus safety.
Violence Against Women Act
The National Network to End Domestic Violences states that “the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) creates and supports comprehensive, cost-effective responses to the pervasive and insidious crimes of domestic violence, sexual assault, dating violence and stalking.”
Campus Title IX Office
The Title IX office works with all students affected by sexual and relationship violence (and gender-based discrimination) on campus by offering options and resources. The Title IX office may also work to prevent sexual and relationship violence by providing education to the campus community and is responsible for providing a fair, thorough, and prompt investigation and adjudication process when sexual and relationship violence is reported.
Campus Safety Reports
Campus safety reports, which include statistics required by VAWA, are available to the public. The U.S. Department of Education offers Campus Safety and Security resources that allows students and their families to review safety and security data for individual schools as well as compare data among schools.
Colleges and universities conduct campus climate surveys to better understand the attitudes, awareness, and experiences of students regarding sexual and relationship violence. These surveys can also help campuses estimate incidents and prevalence of sexual and relationship violence and collect information about students’ experiences with the campus’ programs and policies. With the data that these surveys provide, schools can craft solutions to sexual and relationship violence. You should be able to access the results of your campus climate survey. Talk to the dean of students office or Title IX office for more information.